CHAPTER 03.04: BINARY OPERATIONS: Subtracting two matrices Example

 

 

In this segment we will talk about how to subtract two matrices. We will take an example of it. So letís suppose somebody says, hey, find A minus B if A is given to you as this particular matrix, letís suppose. 3, 6, 7, 9, 2.1 and 3. And B matrix is given to you as 2, -5, 6, 7, -7, and 3. So the first thing you have to understand is that, if we are subtracting two matrices, the two matrices have to be of the same order. We are seeing here that this particular matrix is two rows and 3 columns and this one is also 2 rows and 3 columns. The size is the same, so we can indeed subtract the 2 matrices. Thatís the first thing we should check. Now letís go and see what the initial elements are of the A minus B matrix. So since we have two rows and three columns weíll basically have 6 elements in our 2 by 3 matrix. This is resulting from B from A.

 

So the element I - have to do, that means that I have to find out the first row and first column here. I will take the first row first column here and subtract the first row and first column here. Three minus 2. This will give me a one. I take the first row, second column here and the first row, second column here: 6 minus 5 is 11. So I put 11 here. Same here, I have a first row, 3rd column of 7 here, first row 3rd column here of 6 here. So 7 minus 6 is 1. The other ones will be 2, 9.1, and 0. And that is what the resulting C matrix is when you are subtracting A matrix-B matrix from the A matrix or A minus B as itís called. And that is the end of this segment.